Just advertisingGradskij in Russian culture of the second half of the twentieth century will be a long time. This is a man who is worthy of any encyclopedia. Because Gradskij - this is a serious man who always went against the tide, and that - rock. Here Gradskij is a real rock!... Read more - Songs on the music and arrangement. So, it all started with the «Skomorokhov» in 1966, where you played with Gradsky, Buynova and Shakhnazarov. What began themselves «Skomorokhs»? and the music!

The right way

(Gradsky and Makarevich)

For site "www.gradsky.com"

Small discoveries, regularly made by friends of the site www.gradsky.com - the most of the city places in the entire world network - may well serve as information for notes-grumbles of the old AG- Collector and archivist, whom your humble servant has been for 27 years already. That is, since 1975, when my cousin Luda, among other things, a thoroughbred Ukrainian, a resident of Korsun-Shevchenko (immediately asking the topic - Gradsky and Ukraine) sent me a reprinted article on Arkady Petrov from the magazine "Youth" (B1) . Then I bought a small plate with four songs from "Romance of the Lovers" (D1) . Since then I can not imagine my life without this voice. Even when I listen to Gradsky's music performed by a symphony orchestra - I hear VOICE early ...

So, talking about the reasons, since Alexander Borisovich does not spoil those ... Re-read, for example, his freshest interviews - not a word about the latest works, plans and plans, about what the composer and singer Alexander Gradsky is singing and writing . Of course, AG can not be attributed to those "masters of doom, who do not and can not have any special thoughts outside their profession" (A. Abelsky), and his judgments about anything are always meaningful, bold and Brightly individual, like his music. But we love him for his profession, too!

Most likely, this is not the fault of journalists who do not show interest in A.G.'s author's plans, but simply AG himself bypasses this topic. And he will do so, probably until he gathers his creative will into a fist and does not finish the opera for "The Master and Margarita" by Bulgakov at last. That's because Eduard Nikolaevich Artemiev completed his "long-term construction", which is also at least twenty-five years old - an opera for "Crime and Punishment" Dostoevsky. I wrote the score, I started recording. And the firm " Electroshock Records ", headed by Artemy Eduardovich Artemyev (always very thoroughly and respectfully answering my e-mails- Questioning) has already scheduled a release date.

We are waiting. In the meantime, refer to Discussions about the song to talk about "Gradsky and Makarevich."


You can not know Lermontov,

Fet can be scrolled in short,

You can not read Blok at all ...

But there is a limit to everything, brothers!

I did not accidentally recall the well-known poem-parody of Leonid Filatov (in imitation of Robert Rozhdestvensky). Under Lermontov, Fet and Blok in this case, I mean Andrew Makarevich, who wrote in 1971, his famous "Soldier":

I have chosen the right path since childhood,

I decided what to do.

And I can not wait,

When I'm eighteen ... ...

Words and music of Andrei Makarevich. "Time Machine". 1971 year.

"Soldier" - a thing not just famous, but, as they say now, a cult, iconic. In any case, in those times when the songs of Makarevich were passed from mouth to mouth, they were copied from the notebook to the notebook (for me it was 1979-80), "Soldier" was certainly included in the "favorites" like "Puppets", "Sunny Island "," There will be a day "," While the candle is burning "...

Here is how Andrei Vadimovich himself recalled the writing of the "Soldier":

"... I did ironic songs with some kind of" jokes. "Well, let's say, here:

I have chosen the right path since childhood ...

... Then I'll come to the military commissariat ...

... I will be given a new form ...

... but it's only sad,

that I serve only two years ...

And, therefore, our circle understood that this "podkol" was terrible, and the older generation believed that this was in general ... well, the most that neither is patriotic song. Here on such a line of humor was the work " (B2) .

"Soldier" was included in the album "It was so long ago" ("Birthday") - almost the first full-scale (underground, naturally) studio album "Time Machine" in 1978. "... From the chests was removed the song" Soldier ", dated 71-th year and dedicated to the actual then for the 18-year-old Makarevich the question of the military conscription" , - bluntly explains the origin of the song relevant literature (B3) . In 1993, the album was officially released on 2 vinyl records (D2) , and later on a CD. The fact that the publication took place, was, among other things, a certain merit Gradsky. The following text is placed on the covers of the plates:

"This record was born at night in the summer of 1978 in the educational speech studio of GITIS in the atmosphere of the strictest secrecy.It was recorded by Sasha Kutikov, who played on this segment of life in" Leap Year. "The original was later lost, and only six months ago, Sasha Gradsky showed a decent copy.Kutikov returned to his work fourteen years ago and restored it as he could. Let's thank him for this.

A. Makarevich "

"Soldier" performed by "MV" can also be heard on the double album "TIME MACHINE - 20!" (D3) - records of the group's anniversary concert, held on May 27, 1989. At this event, we should dwell in more detail.

"... The concert was entrusted to Alexander Gradsky, a great friend of the" Machine. "Under a standing ovation, Gradsky announced the group" Shanghai "... Peter Podgorodetsky ... Then Gradsky announced the group" SV "... Mike Naumenko ... "Secret" ... A little-known band from Switzerland ... Then A. Gradsky, after singing several songs, closed the first part of the concert with applause.

The second branch began with a surprise. The microphone was taken by A. Makarevich and told that in those times when the "Machine" did not exist yet, he visited the concerts of the Skomorokhi band and, opening his mouth, dreamed about how he would play himself. "Skomorokhi" did not last long and today, in honor of the anniversary, they gathered again. Musicians came on stage. The head of the "Skomorokhov" A. Gradsky told that the keyboard player Alexander Buyanov worked for 17 years in various VIA, including in the "Jolly Fellows", and now "broke with this nonsense and started to play real music." The bass player Shakhnazarov became the head of the orchestra of Alla Pugacheva ... The performance of the Skomorokhs caused admiration among the musicians on the stage. The audience listened attentively, as the majority of Skomorokh songs were recognized for the first time. I must say that the current musicians have much to learn from the band, whose songs are no less than 20 years old.

And here came the culmination. On the stage, with a thunderous applause, the 20-year-old "Time Machine" rolled out ...

... Alexander Gradsky, closing the concert, said that he had never seen such a thing. In his opinion, this was the best concert and festival of Russian rock, which was presented to all viewers by Andrei Makarevich and his "Time Machine".

... And at that moment I think that it took 20 years to work to bring such joy to all those who are ill with the soul for the fate of Russian rock, who has been a fan of the "Time Machine" for so many years. " ( B4) .

Unfortunately, the quoted article (which generally contains many inaccuracies) does not specify who played drums in the revived on the occasion of Skomorokh-I. Judging by the record - some very good drummer. Perhaps, Vladimir Polonsky? It is this composition: Alexander Gradsky - Alexander Buynov - Yuri Shakhnazarov - Vladimir Polonsky - in their time for the first time the "Skomorokhs" declared themselves "in full".

By the time described, Buynov (and not Buyanov) just completed his long-term service in "Merry Boys." But to say that he de "done away with all this nonsense" was clearly premature, as we now know. AG hurried to conclusions. Yuri Shakhnazarov, the long-time leader of Araks and the creator of Rezital, has already left for the moment described by Pugacheva, played for some time in the Moscow Nautilus with the ex-machinists Margulis and Kawagoe, and then completely left the music. It is not excluded that the performance at the jubilee of "MV" was his last step on the stage.

Margarita Pushkina wrote a remarkable review of the celebration of the 20th anniversary of "MV". The article was printed in the almanac "Rokada", in the first issue for 1989-1990. The editor of the publication was Valery Sautkin, the author of the texts of the "Skomorokhov" hymn, as well as "buffoonery" songs by Buinov and Shakhnazarov. Pushkin in the journal served as deputy editor. Excellent articles were published in the almanac - Ilya Smirnov, Marina Timasheva, Arkady Semenov ... The name of Gradsky was present in many materials, and the very spirit of the publication was very good, correct, grad . The magazine was stolen from me. But I remember Pushkin's speech about Gradsky's speech from the mentioned review, literally: "Three songs performed by the guitarmaker, donated by John Denver, cost several years of existence of any rock band" . And the "Skomorokhs" who opened the second branch, according to Margarita Anatolievna, "showed all the fomas to the unbelievers who and where they winter" (B5) .

Musicologist Arkady Evgenevich Petrov, reviewing the double album with the recording of the anniversary concert, released by the company "Melody" (D3) , wrote:

"Makarevich and his group did the right thing by inviting their friends on the Moscow rock of the sixties and seventies to the anniversary concert of the twentieth anniversary (May 27, 1989): the group" Shanghai ", Gradsky with Skomorokhs, Peter Podgorodetsky, "SV" with Alexei Romanov ... All this made it possible nostalgically - and almost according to Wells - to make a journey into the past. And how cute it turned out to be!

... Wonderful today's Gradsky, with pleasure playing the role of the Gradsky beginning of the seventies. Shlyager of those years "Skomorokhi", rock in the Russian key:

Hard business is not a problem,

Oh-oh, rainbow-arc ...

Sledging scooters on the roads ...

What a joke - in the eye, and not in the eyebrow ...

And diabolical, poisonous laughter, every "then" an understandable hint-detail:

In brou-ou-ou-ou-ov! ...

A wonderful ballad "Staircase". Its author - one of the best Moscow rock vocalists of the early seventies Alexander Lerman has long been in exile, but - remembered the song, and the shadow of Lerman also appeared invisibly on the stage. The memory of the musicians does not disappear. Manuscripts do not burn!

Yes, there have been amazing times. Still no avant-garde, punk and "thrash." From the Russian tradition and the latest technology ("Led Zeppelin", Hendricks), a curious alloy was born ... " (B6)

I recall that Alexander Lerman sang and played in Skomorokhakh Gradsky in 1970-72. The celebration of the 20th anniversary of the "MV" was also recorded on the (F1) film . The film "ROCK AND FORTUNE" in 1989-90. Went out to wide rental and was shown in cinemas throughout the USSR.

From the 20th anniversary of the "MV" commemorative exchanges of congratulations between Gradsky and Makarevich began. In January 1990, Andrei fulfilled the role of presenter at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of A.G. This historic moment was immortalized in the movie-concert "Antiperostroevy Blues" (F2) . In addition to the concert numbers, some monologues recorded outside the stage were included in the picture. Here, for example, the first monologue of Andrei Vadimovich (I quote from the tape recording):

A. Makarevich: "... It's very difficult to convey the words of the atmosphere of those years when we started, remember only those who found it." We were obsessed with rock and roll as it does not happen at the moment. "We were very unprofessional." Sasha Gradsky - a professional, but then he was not dragging it through life, but the fact that he was just like us, is hooked on this music, and that was for us as a drug, we could not do this. Nothing interested.

For me, it all started in 1970, when we first saw "Skomorokhov". It made a very difficult impression on me, because up to this moment it seemed to me that we already represented something of ourselves. Everything turned out to be much worse. The combination of unprecedented skills at that time with unprecedented insolence gave me the very rock and roll that was my ideal. And I realized that we will never come to this. And I'm afraid that if Skomorokhy had treated us worse or did not react at all, maybe I would quit music from that moment and never return to it. And Hradsky did not know why he saw us, well, if not his own children, then his younger brothers. He came up with his hands outstretched. Scandalously taught us to sing, unsuccessfully completely. He came to concerts, stood behind the scenes, sang with us. And he had a louder microphone than we have with all the amplifying equipment ...

This went on for quite some time. I can not say that the group "Skomorokhi" is our kind of direct teachers. But their attitude towards us, and the fact that they, being much higher than us then, kept us for equals in communication, it helped us a lot. ... In general, Gradsky is a completely creepy type, and friends with him for twenty years in a row can only be a man like me! .. "

However, it seems to me that Alexander Borisovich was not completely unsuccessful in teaching Makarevich to sing. In those things that were recorded in 1978-80. And where Andrei Vadimovich really tries to sing, demonstrates quite extreme rock vocals, and not just talking to the guitar, the influence of Gradsky is quite palpable. Anyway, this was my first impression of the first recorded "MV" record, and it was the song "While the candle is burning."

In the same way, it seems to me, and Yury Shevchuk, before recording his famous "Periphery", got a good acquaintance with Gradsky's vocal style and surely listened to his "Satires". To sing the rock in Russian, and to sing figuratively, expressively, without losing the essence and music of the poetic word - here it is, the GRADSKY SCHOOL, to bypass it, I think that people who tried to engage in this art seriously (I mean both rock bards and composers) , It was simply impossible.

A. Makarevich: "... And from what we suddenly sang in Russian? There is a version that we heard the singing in Russian Gradsky, stunned by this and quickly began to sing in Russian. It's not quite true. But when we heard Gradsky it was a disaster for us, I realized that this is so unattainable, that he behaves so uninhibitedly on the stage that we should quit at once and not take up this matter. And if he himself took to It would have happened to us somewhat differently, and he treated us like an equal, and we sat at the rehearsals, and explained some things. "Then at the Komsomol city committee there was a bit club, and we applied to Of course we were terrible, we had two amps in which we stuck everything in. We go out, tremble, because in the hall - well, the gods are sitting ... On the first song, we have one of the two amplifiers. We stick everything that we can into the rest of the box and try to finish it somehow, and then I break off terribly.These people who were carrying rock'n'roll are starting to get up, and they start-like at a party meeting: "Let's talk, comrades, .. You know, it's damp, immature, they sing uncleanly. " It was such a collapse of ideals! One Gradsky stood up and said: "You are talking rubbish, remember my word: in two years this team will be heard, I feel that they have the spirit of our buffoons, and this spirit is right!" Two years later they invited us to become honorary members of this club, we arrived, indulgently played two concerts, but did not join the club ... " (B7) .

These words were told by Andrei Makarevich to the writer Alexander Zhitinsky in the late 1980s. But here is one of his comparatively recent interview , and in it again - words of gratitude to AG. What, after all, a grateful man Andrey Vadimovich! By the way, in this recent interview, A.M. Recalls that on a memorable first audition in the bit club, among other songs, the Soldier was performed, to which we will return.

In the meantime, when I return to the concert for the 40th anniversary of AG, I want to remind you that it was there that the first song of dedication to Gradsky was made, which Makarevich composed on the motif of the song "Expedition" AG. I gave her the text in A selection of "LIVING IN RUSSIA AND CARNEGIE HALL." Anniversary concerts of Alexander Gradsky ". Makarevich included this work in his poetic collection, published, if not mistaken, in 2000 year. And at the concert in honor of the last birthday of A.G. On November 3, 2001, in the Rossiya Concert Hall, he sang this song again, adding several new couplets to it. It would be very interesting to listen and read.

In 1993, forty years ago Andrei Vadimovich was already knocked down. It's time for Alexander Borisovich to sing a dedication to a friend-jubilee. Which he did. The anniversary concert of Makarevich was broadcast on Channel 1 of the Central Television Station (Ostankino). I remember very well how AG came on the stage. With a guitar, read a poem entry and sang ... on the motive "Soldier"!

Note: A gift that is always with you , He chose the right path from childhood

True, he sang this tune very much in his own way. The "Time Machine" "Soldier" - a broken Charleston. And Gradsky made from him a long ballad, a sort of "vocalise in Rapid." And in his text (including the read verse preamble) very interestingly beat the theme of "the right path", comparing his personal creative path with the path and choice of Makarevich. I regret very much that I could not fix this performance on the tape. I never heard it again. But it turned out, in my opinion, a beautiful, completely original thing, which would be worth publishing on a plate.

(Incidentally, if one were to collect all sorts of guest performances from Gradsky in one album - in rock concerts, composer's author's evenings, in programs with classical musicians, with foreign artists, etc. - a powerful disk would turn out. The name came up to him: "Stranger Passer Live." "Live" - because there must necessarily be a studio "Unknown Stranger" - a collection of records for movies and records made AG with different authors.)

But did Alexander Borisovich Makarevichevsky "Soldier" sing in his authentic form? - I do not know. But why not? In an interview with Katya Prjadnik (" Who did not sing, he was late ", by the way, the interview contains some very meaningful replicas of AG concerning the creativity of "Time Machine ") Gradsky says: " Andrew loves when I sing his things. "

And indeed. I remember that in 1987, in the radio program "The World of Hobbies", the editor Tatyana Bodrova (with whom Gradsky was doing his all-Union "Hit Parade") held a round table with A. Gradsky, A. Makarevich and Alexander Sitkovetsky, the leader of the " Autograph". At the moment when Makarevich began to list the last recordings of his group, Gradsky jumped in and gambled: "... And only the cat walks by itself, and only la-la-la with the cat!" Makarevich Rather laughed.

Probably someone who is closer to these musicians, could give more serious evidence of their co-creation. (So the sound engineer of "Machine" M. Kapitanovsky is very clever described a joint trip of "MV" and A.G. In the US in 1988.) I, alas, can only recall what became the property of TV, radio or print, and, moreover, caught my eye.

For example, in some kind of telecast such as "The World and Youth" they show a scrappy fragment of the final of the festival "Rock Panorama-86". The "Time Machine" plays, Gradsky jumps out onto the stage, shows chords to the keyboard player Alexander Zaitsev, Alexander Losev ("Flowers") rises, takes the bass guitar from Kutikov, - and all together start jamming classic rock-n-roll rock .. .

Here is a concert broadcast on the occasion of the International Forum of Creative Intelligentsia, convened in 1987 by MS. Gorbachev. The trio consisting of: Gradsky, Makarevich and Chris Kristofferson sings "We will overcome!" ...

And here's the program "Smack". Gradsky and Makarevich pickled bulbs ("world snack!"). Bow must be cut in a strict proportion: one slice and a half bite. At Makarevich something does not work, Gradsky yells out loud, Makarevich chuckles indulgently ...

Of course, we can not forget the opera "Stadium", in which the composer Gradsky entrusted the role of the "machinists" to A. Makarevich and A. Kutikov ...

... the cover of the A. Gradsky's disk "Expedition", designed by A. Makarevich, is a friendly cartoon to the great empire-province, the "epoch-country", which Alexander Borisovich lovingly nicknamed "shovel" ...

All this (as well as the song "Soldier") undoubtedly testifies to the creative and human proximity of Gradsky and the "Time Machine" . But it seems to me, it is equally important to talk about differences.

Gradsky and "Skomorokhs" laid the foundations for professional rock music. The music is completely new, innovative, very democratic, but at the same time connected with centuries-old national and classical traditions and able to exist on an equal footing with all the world's MUSIC music, whether it's symphony, opera, jazz or folklore. Makarevich and his team chose their "right path" - very honest, organic, in no way borrowed and quite appropriate to existing talents. The way of household amateur song (no matter how sophisticated the text and electrical sound is), or, according to Gradsky's definition, "CIS music" (Soviet Folk Guitar). And this music really became popular, mass, mass favorite. And the masses produced the same, because exactly the same way, after Makarevich, all those who were only finally called " Russian rock " went.

I have nothing against this folk music, in my life it always had great significance, and still has ... But imagine that such a metamorphosis would happen to the fine arts! That is, the main, predominant and almost the only direction in painting would be "naive," folklore primitivism in the spirit of Pirosmani. Pirosmani is indisputably brilliant, but he does not overshadow all the peaks of the fine arts, he does not exhaust all the limits. And in Russian rock this happened ...

Gradsky, of course, can also be rightfully referred to Russian folk rock-CIS musicians for his "author's song" - a symbiosis of urban romance, blues and journalistic poetry (in this they may be musically related to Makarevich , Although there are a lot of differences here). But this is only one, a small part of the musician's work, which historian Ilya Smirnov rightly called "a conservative person" (B8) . Gradsky in general is unique in that both as an author and as a performer combines in one person the features of a musician of both academic and folklore type (a good topic for someone's dissertation). After all, dear Alexander Borisovich, I remind you -

he and himself a rock band,

he and the singing poet-actor / bard / shanson / folksinger,

he and the super-vocalist-wagon,

he and multi-instrumentalist / sound engineer, with jewelry mastery alone recording multilayer scores in the studio.

And yet - he is a real COMPOSER in the full academic sense of the word. The master of a large form, brilliantly owning the secrets of musical drama, - recall the "Stadium", "Man", all the plate suites, which you want to call monooperals. Remember, finally, his wonderful music for the movie. After all, "Romance of the Lovers", and "Monte Cristo", and "In August of the 44th ..." - this is nothing more than complete, very complete - in complete contrast unity of the composing of their song and instrumental numbers - musical Works. Perhaps, Alexander Borisovich still wants to publish them in the form of separate CD-albums. It would be great. Well, before the "Master and Margarita", of course, I would like to live ...

As for his "common platform" with the "Time Machine", - let's listen again to Andrei Vadimovich. The second monologue from the film "Anti-perestroika blues":

A. Makarevich: "Now there is a lot of all sorts of per-musical discourse on what is" rock'n'roll "and what is" not rock'n'roll. "I've always been interested in this all my life, and I have a convincing answer For myself I have not found it yet, therefore I proceed from my own, absolutely subjective sensations, it seems to me that everything that Sasha Gradsky does - whether it's what he does with the band, whether it's an opera, whether it's a symphony ballet, whether it's his Author's song - for me it's still rock'n'roll. "Regardless of what musical means he uses at a given moment."

"Probably because it's still a state of mind for us" , - adds Alexander Borisovich, appearing in the frame.

The state of the soul. Feeling of life. And it's true, when Andrei Makarevich sings:

"... Do not bend under a volatile world! .."

- it expresses this and absolutely grad a vital and creative position.

And when Alexander Gradsky sings:

"... We did not wait for the call of the trumpet,

We had valves and pipes,

And in us, no one's lips blew,

And the winds of spirit and destiny! .. "

- then for his " we were " certainly see Andrei Makarevich with his "Time Machine" ...

Oleg Petukhov June 2002, for the site "ALEXANDER GRADSKY".



B1. Arkady Petrov "Metamorphoses of Alexander Gradsky" - "Youth" № 2, 1975

B2. Nikolay Dobriukha, the book "Rock at first hand" - Moscow, publishing house "Young Guard", 1992

B3. "100 magnetoalbums of Soviet rock: 1977-1991: 15 years of underground recording" - M., LEAN, 1999.

B4. "20 years" Time Machine. "The anniversary of Russian rock" - "Russian Music Newspaper" (monthly edition of the Union of Composers of the RSFSR) No. 9, 1989

B5. "ROCADA". First edition. 1989-1990

B6. Arkady Petrov "Time Machine" - All-Union quarterly magazine "Melody" № 1-2 (46-47), 1991

B7. Alexander Zhitinsky "The Travel of the Rock Amateur" - "Lenizdat", 1990

B8. Ilya Smirnov "THE TIME OF BELLS: The Life and Death of Russian Rock" - Moscow, "INTO" Publishing House, 1994


D1. Songs from the movie "ROMANCE ABOUT LOVERS":

Meloniya's mini-record, 1974

A2. "Time Machine". IT WAS SO LONG AGO. Record of 1978 SINTEZ SP02-0015. Album of 2 plates

A. Makarevich - guitar, piano, vocals

E. Margulis - bass, guitar, vocals

c. Kawagoe - drums, guitar, vocals

E. Legusov - clarinet, saxophone

c. Kuzminki - the pipe

The recording was prepared for the publication of PETROSTUDIO 1992 Producer - A. Kutikov (s) (p) SINTEZ RECORDS 1993

D3. " TIME MACHINE" - 20! С60 31127 006 (2 plates)



"The Time Machine: ROCK AND FORTUNA", dedicated to the 20th anniversary of Andrei Makarevich's group, has appeared on the screens, helping to take a look at the past years, compare the new repertoire of "Machine" with the old one and finally understand how the group managed to live Before the jubilee, to overcome the barriers that had arisen before her all the years of existence.The film also includes: the group "Shanghai", "SV", "Staircase" (Switzerland), beat-quartet "Secret", Alexander GRADSKY. Director - N. Orlov ", -" The Russian Music Newspaper "No. 3 (15), 1990.

Φ2. "ANTI-CONSTRUCTION BLUES" - the first (of three to date) author's film-concert of Alexander Gradsky.

Information about the film, see the compilation " I'm leaving you at the cinema "and" LIVING IN RUSSIA AND CARNEGIE HALL"