Vladimir Marochkin,
Natalia Sychev,
Andrew Ignatieff

Songs of our generation. The Sixties


Publisher: Phoenix (Rostov-on-Don), 2010

From the archives of Andrew Zadvornova
Vladimir Marochkin, Natalia Sychev, Andrei Ignatiev Songs of our generation. The Sixties

Gradsky Alexander and Victor Degtyarev (in the future - a musician band "Blue Guitar" and "The Flame") met in 1964 , during the May Day holidays. Near the Gorbunov Palace of Culture, which was not far from Kiev station, was a concert. The stage on which stood initiative, was constructed from two trucks standing nearby. Here on the scene and got a guy with a guitar and wearing glasses and began to sing the song The Beatles . Victor Degtyarev barely waited for him to finish, and went up to him to get to know.

Victor Degtyarev then played in the dance band Yuri Mukhin the piano, and if the place where the band was coming, there was piano, then picked up the accordion. And when there was neither one nor the other, he took and played the accordion dance on it. When the band took the drummer in the army, Victor moved on drums. Then Victor became interested The Beatles and bought in a thrift shop for Smolenka homemade bass guitar and amplifier. In between the major orchestral piece, he took his bass, trumpet player sat behind the drums, and they played all sorts of twists. But Victor would love to team up with someone to play The Beatles , and here came Gradsky. Degtyarev went up to him and said that he plays the bass guitar.

Gradsky said in response: "And we just have a group, but we do not have a bass player.

Well, then let's unite!" - suggested Degtyarev.

Thus was born the group Slavs .

name of" Slavs "I came up with - says Victor Degtyarev - Then the musicians called" labuhami "and I read somewhere that the Elbe - is the river Elbe, and the ancient Slavs and just went with the Elbe. And I say, 'If we - labuhi and Slavs lived on the Elbe, then let's call it "Slavs"! "Everyone liked the name, and it stuck.

on lead guitar in the band played Michael Turks. He lived on Kutuzov Avenue in the very house where he lived Brezhnev. Misha's grandfather was a writer Mikhail Sholokhov, who from a trip to Japan for Turkova brought a pack of fresh records, and for Degtyareva - branded bass strings.

on the drums in the "Slavs" Vyacheslav Dontcov played previously with Degtiarev speaking in the orchestra Yuri Mukhin.

Slavs" rehearsed in DK Foreign Ministry. There was a vocal circle, in which girls and boys were singing the classics. Victor Degtyarev told me that one day someone from the circle members tried to sing some operatic aria, and passed by Gradsky. He yelled as the same aria that teacher cork flew out into the corridor:

Who is singing here?!

I" - said Gradsky.

Come here quickly!

teacher Gradskiy dragged into the classroom, and Gradsky all the arias that knew him progorlanil. The teacher said:

You - talent! You have to deal with!

What Gradsky replied that he would pursue other - beat-music.

The first performance of "Slavs" was held at the Moscow school number 61, in which Victor Degtyarev studied up to the 8th grade. When he arrived at his former school as a musician fashion beat group, it was unexpected for him, too, and for his former classmates. "I went to a proud and important" - says Victor.


In the early summer of 1966 in the Donetsk Philharmonic Ensemble appeared David Tuhmanova contemporary.

David Tukhmanov at that time was known pop treatments bard songs that he had fed free-jazz intonations, but by the mid-60's, he felt that the jazz musicians he has worked with so far, no longer able to transmit drive today. Therefore, when in 1966 Tukhmanov gathered ensemble "Contemporary", he asked for two musicians fashionable metropolitan bit of "Slavs" Victor Degtyareva (bass) and Vyacheslav Doncova (drums). In a Moscow restaurant Tukhmanov met a talented young guitarist Valery Habazinym (in the future - a musician VIA Merry Boys and Gems "), who was also called in his group. Tukhmanov himself in this line-up played on elektroorgane. Soloists Ensemble "Contemporary" steel Lubomir Romanchak and Tatiana Sasha (wife Tuhmanova).

In "Contemporary" Tukhmanov fully able to realize his love for the twist and rock 'n' roll. It was there first heard the song "Last train", which is performed by Vladimir Makarov will soon become a hit-Union.

in the composition of its ensemble Tukhmanov invited and singer Alexander Gradskiy, but the one in the "Contemporary" did not stay long, earned some money and sped back to Moscow.


Vladimir Marochkin, Natalia Sychev, Andrei Ignatiev Songs of our generation. The Sixties


Thus, 1968 , the Electron appeared in the new composition: Yuri Yurov - keys, Zenon Yanushko - bass, Leo Sawyer - vocals, Vladimir Morozov - drums.

summer, the group has another singer, who also owned a good guitar - Alexander Gradsky.

Gradsky Alexander then put together his own group "Buffoons", in which also included Vladimir Polonsky (drums), Yuri Shahnazarov (bass), Alexander violently (the key). During this period, there were songs that have become hallmark Gradskiy sample 60 : Blue Forest , chicken farm and a 17-minute rock opera Fly Tsokotukha , written based on the children's poem Chukovsky. Alexander violently to the words of the poet Valery Sautkina composed for "Skomorokhov" songs Alenushka and Silk feather grass, grass-Murov , and Yuri Shahnazarov - the song "Memoirs" and "Beaver", immediately became huge hit.

drummer ensemble "Buffoons" Vladimir Polonsky said: "When there were" Buffoons ", we have just decided that our number one goal - this equipment. Sasha Gradskiy was a very clear feeling ... no, not even feeling a position if we'll get the column Vox AS100, which played "the Beatles," we these "Beatles" just uroem. It was his dream, "uryt" The Beatles. " He kept saying, "Enough already! Too much time they sit at the top! "And in order to capitalize on these Vox AS100 , we decided to get a job in any philharmonic. First we had the Penza Philharmonic, but there did not work. The second was Vladimir Philharmonic, where we worked in a team, which was called "Electro". Then it is very fashionable ensemble was "Electron" and the administrator Philharmonic decided under this case our ensemble called "Electro". Like not "Electron", but - "Electro.

When we went on tour to the city of Moore, we met some real "Electron". There, the group leaders, decided to trade guitarists and Sasha Gradsky went to play in the "Electron". And we have continued to work in the Vladimir Philharmonic, but instead to earn more by three rubles were supposed to. And then we went to the Gomel Buynova Philharmonic ...

Keyboardist "electronic" Yuri Yurov recalls how the group came Gradsky: "We then took in the new guitarist who ... was an alcoholic. We thought long and hard how to get rid of it. Came about by accident. During a tour of the Vladimir region, we met with the team, which was called almost like us - "Electro". Those listened to our concert and offered, "Oh, you guys! What is your guitar is great! Let's change guitarists! And then we except the "Beatles" did not recognize! "And we just needed a guy, so we changed guitarists. So come to us Sasha Gradsky .


Because Americans have turned away a serious opponent, in the same 1968 they tried to see how well kept punch people who took power in the Soviet Union after Khrushchev. In fact there were also signs that it is - a more pragmatic-minded leaders who are ready even to give up some elements of Marxism-Leninism.

They say that until recently would Brezhnev led the negotiations with Dubcek and hesitated a long time before you send troops, but in the end, avoid the invasion became impossible.

While aesthetics dominated the war, the warring parties are actively arming themselves, and there was a feeling that can be solved by military means all sorts of problems. Also people from the country's leaders were war veterans, who, having passed through a four-grinder war, thought in terms of "ours - yours" and regarded Czechoslovakia as "our" territory. Give blood watered the earth, that there were NATO troops? No, for them it was not possible ...

Group Electron (Yuri Yurov - keys, Zenon Yanushko - bass, Leo Sawyer - vocals, Alexander Gradsky - guitar, vocals, Vladimir Morozov - drums) arrived on tour in Czechoslovakia, the city of Banska Bystrica, a few days before the invasion. When Soviet tanks entered Czechoslovakia, all concerts were canceled, and the group itself were taken out of the country on a trolley.

Vladimir Marochkin, Natalia Sychev, Andrei Ignatiev Songs of our generation. The Sixties

These failed touring musicians turned to sad consequences.

We were greeted very warmly, - says Yuri Yurov, leader of the band - tasty fed. But no concerts. What is it? And we are no one says anything, we are not aware of the matter. And then Volodya Morozov, and Sasha Gradsky decided, "Let's go to the pub in the evening!" In the pub Volodya asked for permission to play by local musicians. And although not all occurred in the rebellious Czech Republic and Slovakia in a quiet, after our return home Philharmonic Director ordered: "These two get out! 'Former team was scattered, and we have imposed new musicians, making the group a" big Quartet, "as in the film" Carnival Night "used to say hero Igor Ilyinsky ...

But if the Soviet government had made its goals, entering troops in Czechoslovakia? If achieved, why it felt as insecure in their own country? After all, after the events of the Prague first orders were issued prohibiting the rock music in the USSR!

leader of the group "Falcon Yuri Ermakov said that after the events in Czechoslovakia for domestic-bit groups began a difficult period: "We have been in the international camp" Sputnik ", where played at the dance, when the news came that our troops marched into Czechoslovakia. People wondered what, how, why? And then all DCs was sent to the directive that all groups, such as ours, should be brought under strict control that rehearsal should be granted only in exceptional cases. And for a group need? The set of equipment and space for rehearsals. And then - you play, if you are invited. Or do not play. And where usually all rehearsed? In the clubs, in the palaces of culture - we are then, for example, rehearsing in a recreation center Kurchatov Institute. And for the opportunity to rehearse we have provided sound events and played at parties for the staff of the Institute. And everything was fine. But after the events in Czechoslovakia from the database, for that matter, and with the evenings, having great difficulty ...

It was after the events in Czechoslovakia, - says Sergey Lukashin of Sverdlovsk , - the cops handed clubs and walk down the chain. They went on the spree on the backs of boyish. Boys, who were, of course, not the angels mated in batches, by hook or by crook sewed the case and riveting time. Someone had to lie on the bottom, one time he was drafted into the army - but these were few. Boys were taken away in the "summer camp" has a disturbing chord hard rock. Rock club closed, the dance floor was banned, and the recent Sverdlovsk rock stars are increasingly to be found in wine shops ...

Posletali from their seats, and many leaders of the Young Communist League, one of those that supported the bit movement and helped organize various festivals and competitions. After all, the secretaries of Komsomol organizations were only in the workplace, to 18.00, and in the evenings become as young children, loving The Beatles and Rolling Stones ...

famous "KM" was closed, but the beat-club was still alive, just moved from the street to the Big Ordynka Gorky. It was located in the premises of the church.

Remembers Alex Sikorski : We have all had the membership booklet. Continuously collected from all photographs, was constantly re - probably hard for us poslezhivali ... "